Friday, May 15, 2020

6 Main Reasons Why Most Students Digress During the Process of Writing a Paper

Another class, another paper. It never seems to end! School life is full of essays, essays, and more essays. Though you may have the best intentions of working on a paper right when you receive the assignment, it can be very easy to get distracted. The best way to stop yourself from becoming distracted is to become aware of the things that get you sidetracked in the first place. Knowing these will help you stay away from them or not do them since you know they call your attention away from the task. 1.   Social Networks Social networking is so fun. It’s the way you stay connected and share your experience. However, it’s also a major time-killer. Because you are already on your computer when you are going through the process of writing a paper, it is always tempting to jump online and see what your friends are up to on Facebook, Twitter, etc. The best thing to do is to turn off your Wi-Fi when writing. 2.   TV Shows Think you are able to produce a timely paper while having Netflix on at the same time? Think again. Even though you think you can type and watch TV at the same time, you can’t. Or rather, you can, but your paper will suffer since you won’t be entirely focused. Turn off the tube! 3.   Friends It sounds like so much fun to go out and party or just hang out with friends instead of writing an essay. Your friends may even make you feel guilty or suggest that you can do your paper later if you say you want to stay home and work on it. Be strong and stern. Your friends will have to wait until you are done (or maybe halfway done). 4.   Food It’s true that many people eat when they are bored or rather not do a task. Putting things off by eating a snack is a really common way that students digress. Wandering around the kitchen opening cabinets to see what’s available, even when you aren’t that hungry is a huge distracter. Resist the temptation! 5.   Smartphones Similar to social networks, phones are a way to get lost in the many apps, text messages, and pictures to look at and play with. During the time that you set aside for writing your paper, you should also turn off your phone to avoid getting sucked in and losing your precious time. 6.   Making Excuses The biggest excuse you can make and one that is commonly used is that you write better under time pressure. This is just another way of postponing the writing process. You know you will have to write that essay eventually. Hopefully, it won’t be the hour before it’s due. Become more self-disciplined and take initiative to finish something that you need to do anyway. The result will impress you in the end.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Globalization and International Finance, Questions and Answer

Q1. History of your topic (i.e. product, country(ies), article, etc)? Please explain in detail your topic selection. Globalization is defined as moving towards a world in which barriers to cross-border trade and investment are declining; distance is shrinking due to new advance in transportation and telecommunications technology, material culture is starting to look similar the world over; national economies are merging into an interdependent, integrated global economic system (Hill). The word itself. â€Å"globalize†, appeared in the 1960s meaning to â€Å"make global in scope or application†. Can be traced from the Silk Road, route between China and the Mediterranean Sea, which promoted the exchange of ideas and knowledge, along with trade†¦show more content†¦Same way, the increase in income allows India allows to buy from the US. Free trade benefits all. Also, the wage gap between developing and developed nations is closing due to economic growth. When outsourcing to lower-wage countries, it contributes to higher unemployment and lower living standards in their home countries. Free trade allows the goods to be produced thru specialization that they are more efficient in, while importing the goods that they cannot produce as efficiently.The cons are That outsoucing has led to depressed wages in developed countries, by moving firm activities to countries where wages are lower and there is loss of national soverignty. The benefits of globalization outweigh the costs.As country gets rich there is more strict environmental standards. 5. Please explain the policies and/or government dilemmas, if any. Globalization has eroded national soveirignity. Government must devise new strategies for managing programs effectively in a globalized world. Government must adapt to fit traditional vertical systems to the new challenges of globalization and integrate new horizontal sysstems to the traditional vertical ones. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Nursing General Pathophysiology of Cancer Tumors

Question: Discuss about the Nursingfor General Pathophysiology of Cancer Tumors. Answer: Pathophysiology of cancer tumours refers to the physiological changes leading to the formation of tumours and the functional changes which are observed after the disease. Cancer is associated with approximately 150 disease processes which involve unrestricted proliferation and expansion of cells. Cancer is developed as a consequence of varying tissue responses which result in the uncontrolled cell growth. Cancer tumour is a generically used term for neoplasm and is generally classified into two categories which include malignant and benign tumours (Pathology, 2017). While benign tumour is generally devoid of any harmful impacts and is curable, malignant tumour indicates the existence of cancerous symptoms. Malignant tumour is prominently associated with the impact on cell differentiation and change. The malignant cancer tumours are responsible for the limitation on the essential tissue functions which gradually result in notable changes such as lowered immunity. The malignant types of tumour have been observed to exhibit considerable degree of resistance towards the different forms of treatment and are associated with consequential outcomes such as recurrence after treatment and the increased probabilities of the growth of the tumour (Dr Ananya Mandal, 2017). Benign tumours are associated with limited portions of the body and do not spread to other parts of the body other than the localized region. The incapability of benign cancer tumours for metastasis can be considered as the major reason for their localization. The treatment of benign tumours is possible in the initial stages due to their flexible response to the treatment. However, negligence for treatment could result in the increase in size of the tumour, thereby increasing the risks of damage to vital organs and organ systems (NCHPAD, 2017). It is also necessary to apprehend the genetic changes associated with the cancer tumours which account for a significant aspect of pathophysiology of the same. Oncogenes are defined as cancer causing genes and include the impact of the existence of normal genes in high proportions in the case of patients afflicted with cancer (Pathology, 2017). In other cases, oncogenes are also associated with the transmutation of normal genes resulting in cancerous changes in tissues. Tumour suppressor genes are significant for inhibition of surplus cell division alongside limiting the survival of cells with indications of damage to the DNA. The genetic changes are responsible for transformation of normal cells into cancer cells (Dr Ananya Mandal, 2017). Pathophysiology of Colorectal Cancer: Bettys biopsy results suggest moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma grade 3. The pathophysiology of colorectal cancer alongside the evaluation of the biopsy results could help in preparing a viable plan for prognosis and treatment of Bettys health conditions. The pathophysiology of colorectal cancer suggests its proliferation in three sequential stages such as initiation, promotion and progression. The initiation is associated with consistent mutations in DNA which lead to cancerous growth (Fakhoury et al., 2014). In the case of Betty, the adenocarcinoma suggests the cancerous growth of the epithelium i.e. colorectal lining. Genes associated with tumour growth include oncogenes, mutator genes and tumour suppressing genes. Therefore the colorectal cancer in case of Betty can be related to the sequence of genetic alterations which leads to permanent and progressive depreciation in normal control on cell differentiation and growth. Grade 3 tumour observed in the biopsy of Betty indicates that she has moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma in which the cancerous growth is found to be associated with characteristics of undifferentiated and well-differentiated cancer cells (Huether McCance, 2015). However the indication of grade 3 is indicative of poor differentiation in which the cancerous cells are more aggressive and could require strenuous prognosis. Since grading of tumours is a standard for establishing the plan for prognosis, the grading of Bettys colorectal cancer has to be taken into consideration. The poor differentiation of cancer cells observed in case of Betty could be responsible for expansion of the cancerous cell growth along major pathways. The pathways include proliferation of cancer through inflammatory bowel disease, familiar adenomatous polypopsis and associated polypopsis syndromes, hereditary colorectal cancer, familial non-polypopsis colorectal cancer and sporadic colorectal cancer (McCance Huether, 2015). The pathophysiology for colorectal cancer in context of Bettys biopsy results indicates that her recommended modes of treatment could include surgery followed by chemotherapy in order to prevent the growth of cancerous cells. The size of tumour has to be estimated in order to consider the alternative of radiation for treatment of moderately differentiated Adenocarcinoma grade 3 (Tchernof Desprs, 2013). Chemotherapy for Betty: The case of Betty involves a stage 3 colorectal cancer which is also categorized as Dukes C hence the chances of a 5 year survival rate work in favour of Betty (Ncin.org.uk, 2017). However, the first step in the treatment of colorectal cancer is to identify the stage of the cancer which helps in determining the type of treatment i.e. chemotherapy, surgery or radiation. Chemotherapy is intended for the restriction of uncontrolled growth of cancer cells and the two commonly adopted chemotherapy methods include neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is recommended by healthcare professionals for treatment of colorectal cancer in which the size of the tumour is larger and unsuitable for surgery (Tchernof Desprs, 2013). The objectives of adjuvant chemotherapy are indicative of restricting the growth of cancerous cells in the colorectal lining after surgery. The process of adjuvant chemotherapy is also associated with the promising outcome of restrictions on the expanse of colorectal cancer to other parts of the body. The colorectal cancer of Betty is limited to the nearby lymph nodes and therefore it has not expanded to other parts of the body. Therefore the suitable chemotherapeutic treatment for Betty would be adjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery. While surgery is assumed as an unlikely measure for limitation of cancer growth, the localized nature of the colorectal cancer of Betty creates the opportunities for a surgery. The surgery would involve removal of the affected section of the colon alongside the affected lymph nodes nearby. Removal of the nearby lymph nodes can be termed as partial colectomy and subsequently Betty has to be monitored for remaining traces of cancer in the colorectal lining (Tursi, Papa Danese, 2015). The most commonly used drugs for administering chemotherapy for stage 3 colorectal cancers include different regimens or groups of drugs. One regimen includes capecitabine and oxaliplatin known as Cape Ox and the other comprises of three drugs such as oxaliplatin, 5-FU and leucovorin known as FOLFOX. The alterations in the regimens of FOLFOX could also include administration of 5-FU with capecitabine or leucovorin distinctly. The variations in the different forms of adjuvant chemotherapy could also be used as promising inputs for determining the relevant chemotherapy treatment for Betty (Waldner Neurath, 2014). References Dr Ananya Mandal, M. (2017). Cancer Pathophysiology. [online] News-Medical.net. Available at: https://www.news-medical.net/health/Cancer-Pathophysiology.aspx [Accessed 12 Mar. 2017]. Fakhoury, M., Negrulj, R., Mooranian, A., Al-Salami, H. (2014). Inflammatory bowel disease: clinical aspects and treatments. J Inflamm Res, 7(7), 113-120. Huether, S. E., McCance, K. L. (2015). Understanding pathophysiology. Elsevier Health Sciences. McCance, K. L., Huether, S. E. (2015). Pathophysiology: The biologic basis for disease in adults and children. Elsevier Health Sciences. Ncin.org.uk. (2017). Colorectal Cancer Survival by Stage. [online] Available at: https://www.ncin.org.uk/publications/data_briefings/colorectal_cancer_survival_by_stage [Accessed 12 Mar. 2017]. National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability (NCHPAD). (2017). Cancer and Exercise : NCHPAD - Building Inclusive Communities. [online] Available at: https://www.nchpad.org/163/1257/Cancer~and~Exercise [Accessed 12 Mar. 2017]. Pathology.jhu.edu. (2017). What Are Tumors?. [online] Available at: https://pathology.jhu.edu/pc/BasicTypes1.php?area=ba [Accessed 12 Mar. 2017]. Tchernof, A., Desprs, J. P. (2013). Pathophysiology of human visceral obesity: an update. Physiological reviews, 93(1), 359-404. Tursi, A., Papa, A., Danese, S. (2015). Review article: the pathophysiology and medical management of diverticulosis and diverticular disease of the colon. Alimentary pharmacology therapeutics, 42(6), 664-684. Waldner, M. J., Neurath, M. F. (2014, February). Master regulator of intestinal disease: IL-6 in chronic inflammation and cancer development. In Seminars in immunology (Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 75-79). Academic Press.

Monday, April 13, 2020

Biography of Amiri Baraka

Biography of Amiri Baraka Amiri Baraka (born Everett Leroy Jones; October 7, 1934–January 9, 2014) was an award-winning playwright, poet, critic, educator, and activist. He played an influential role in the Black Arts Movement and served as poet laureate of his native New Jersey. His career spanned decades, though his legacy is not without controversy. Fast Facts: Amiri Baraka Occupation: Writer, playwright, poet, activistAlso Known As: Leroi Jones, Imamu Amear BarakaBorn: October 7, 1934 in Newark, New JerseyDied: January 9, 2014 in Newark, New JerseyParents: Colt Leverette Jones and Anna Lois Russ JonesEducation: Rutgers University, Howard UniversityKey Publications: Dutchman, Blues People: Negro Music in White America, The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones/Amiri BarakaSpouse(s): Hettie Jones, Amina BarakaChildren: Ras Baraka, Kellie Jones, Lisa Jones, Shani Baraka, Amiri Baraka Jr., Obalaji Baraka, Ahi Baraka, Maria Jones, Dominique DiPrimaNotable Quote: â€Å"Art is whatever makes you proud to be human. Early Years Amiri Baraka was born in Newark, New Jersey to postal supervisor Colt Leverette Jones and social worker Anna Lois Jones. Growing up, Baraka played the drums, piano, and trumpet, and enjoyed poetry and jazz. He especially admired the musician Miles Davis. Baraka attended Barringer High School and won a scholarship to Rutgers University in 1951. A year later, he transferred to the historically black Howard University, where he studied subjects like philosophy and religion. At Howard, he began using the name LeRoi James but would later revert to his birth name, Jones. Expelled before graduating from Howard, Jones signed up for the US Air Force, which dishonorably discharged him after three years when communist writings were found in his possession. Although he became a sergeant in the Air Force, Baraka found military service troubling. He called the experience â€Å"racist, degrading, and intellectually paralyzing.† But his time in the Air Force ultimately deepened his interest in poetry. He worked at the base library while stationed in Puerto Rico, which allowed him to devote himself to reading. He took a particular liking to the works of the Beat poets and began writing his own poetry. After his discharge from the Air Force, he lived in Manhattan, taking classes at Columbia University and The New School for Social Research. He also became involved in Greenwich Village’s art scene and got to know poets such as Allen Ginsberg, Frank O’Hara, Gilbert Sorrentino, and Charles Olson. Marriage and Poetry As his interest in poetry deepened, Baraka met Hettie Cohen, a white Jewish woman who shared his passion for writing. The interracial couple married in 1958 against the wishes of Cohens Parents, who cried at the news of the union. Together, the couple started Totem Press, which featured the writings of beat poets like Allen Ginsberg; they also launched Yugen literary magazine. Baraka edited and wrote criticism for the literary journal Kulchur as well. While married to Cohen, with whom he had two daughters, Baraka began a romantic relationship with another woman writer, Diane di Prima. They edited a magazine called The Floating Bear and started the New York Poets Theater, along with others, in 1961. That year, Baraka’s first poetry book, Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note, debuted. During this period, the writer became increasingly political. A trip to Cuba in 1960 led him to believe that he should use his art to fight oppression, so Baraka began to embrace black nationalism and support Cuban president Fidel Castro’s regime. In addition, his complicated personal life took a turn when he and Diane di Prima had a daughter, Dominique, in 1962.  The next year saw the release of Baraka’s book Blues People: Negro Music in White America. In 1965, Baraka and Cohen divorced. A New Identity Using the name LeRoi Jones, Baraka wrote the play Dutchman, which premiered in 1964. The play chronicles a violent encounter between a white woman and a black man on the New York subway. It won the Obie Award for Best American Play and was later adapted for film. The 1965 assassination of Malcolm X led Baraka to leave the mostly white Beat scene and move to the predominantly black neighborhood of Harlem. There, he opened the Black Arts Repertory Theatre/School, which became a haven for black artists such as Sun Ra and Sonia Sanchez, and led other black artists to open similar venues. The rise of black-run art venues led to a movement known as the Black Arts Movement. He also criticized the Civil Rights Movement for embracing nonviolence and suggested in works such as his 1965 poem â€Å"Black Art that violence was necessary to create a black world. Inspired by Malcolm’s death, he also penned the work A Poem for Black Hearts in 1965 and the novel The System of Dante’s Hell the same year. In 1967, he released the short-story collection Tales. Blackness and the use of violence to achieve liberation both factor into these works. Baraka’s newfound militancy played a role in his divorce from his white wife, according to her memoir How I Became Hettie Jones. Baraka himself admitted as much in his 1980 Village Voice essay, â€Å"Confessions of a Former Anti-Semite. (He denied choosing the title for the essay.) He wrote, â€Å"As a Black man married to a white woman, I began to feel estranged from her †¦ How could someone be married to the enemy? Barakas second wife, Sylvia Robinson, later known as Amina Baraka, was a black woman. They had a Yoruba marriage ceremony in 1967, the year Baraka published the poetry collection Black Magic. A year earlier, he published Home: Social Essays. With Amina, Baraka returned to his native Newark, where they opened a theater and residence for artists called the Spirit House. He also headed to Los Angeles to meet with scholar and activist Ron Karenga (or Maulana Karenga), founder of the Kwanzaa holiday, which aims to reconnect black Americans to their African heritage. Instead of using the name LeRoi Jones, the poet took the name Imamu Amear Baraka. Imamu is a title meaning spiritual leader in Swahili, Amear means prince, and Baraka essentially means a divine blessing.† He ultimately went by Amiri Baraka. In 1968, Baraka co-edited Black Fire: An Anthology of Afro-American Writing and his play Home on the Range was staged to benefit the Black Panther party. He also chaired the Committee for Unified Newark, founded and chaired  the Congress of African People, and was a chief organizer of the National Black Political Convention. By the 1970s, Baraka began to champion the liberation of â€Å"third-world† peoples across the globe rather than black nationalism. He embraced a Marxist-Leninist philosophy and became a lecturer in 1979 in the Africana studies department of the State University of New York, Stony Brook, where he later became a professor. He was also a visiting professor at Columbia University and Rutgers University and taught at the New School, San Francisco State, University of Buffalo, and George Washington University. In 1984, Baraka’s memoir, The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka, was published. He went on to win the American Book Award in 1989 and the Langston Hughes Award. In 1998, he landed a role in the feature film Bulworth, starring  Warren Beatty. Later Years In 2002, Baraka received another honor when he became New Jersey’s poet laureate. But an anti-Semitism scandal ultimately drove him from the role. The controversy stemmed from a poem he wrote after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks called â€Å"Somebody Blew Up America?† In the poem, Baraka suggested that Israel had advanced warning of the attacks on the World Trade Center. The poem includes the lines: Who know why Five Israelis was filming the explosionAnd cracking they sides at the notion†¦Who knew the World Trade Center was gonna get bombedWho told 4000 Israeli workers at the Twin TowersTo stay home that day Baraka said that the poem wasn’t anti-Semitic because it referenced Israel rather than Jews as a whole. The Anti-Defamation League argued that Baraka’s words were indeed anti-Semitic. The poet served as New Jersey’s poet laureate at the time, and then-Gov. Jim McGreevey attempted to oust him from the role. McGreevey (who would later resign as governor for unrelated reasons) couldn’t legally force Baraka to step down, so the state senate passed legislation to abolish the post altogether. When the law took effect on July 2, 2003, Baraka was no longer poet laureate. Death On Jan. 9, 2014, Amiri Baraka died at Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, where he had been a patient since December. Upon his death, Baraka had written more than 50 books in a wide range  of genres. His funeral took place Jan. 18 at Newark Symphony Hall. Sources Amiri Baraka 1934-2014. Poetry Foundation.Fox, Margalit. Amiri Baraka, Polarizing Poet and Playwright, Dies at 79. New York Times, 9 January, 2014. Amiri Baraka. Poets.org.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Temporal Lobes in the Cerebral Cortex

Temporal Lobes in the Cerebral Cortex Temporal Lobes The temporal lobes are one of the four main lobes or regions of the cerebral cortex. They are located in the largest division of the brain known as the forebrain (prosencephalon). As with the three other brain lobes (frontal,  occipital, and parietal), there is one temporal lobe located in each brain hemisphere. The temporal lobes play an important role in organizing sensory input, auditory perception, language and speech production, as well as memory association and formation. Structures of the limbic system, including the olfactory cortex, amygdala, and the hippocampus are located within the temporal lobes. Damage to this area of the brain can result in problems with memory, understanding language, and maintaining emotional control. Function The temporal lobes are involved in several functions of the body including: Auditory PerceptionMemorySpeechLanguage ComprehensionEmotional ResponsesVisual PerceptionFacial Recognition Limbic system structures of the temporal lobe are responsible for regulating many of our emotions, as well as forming and processing memories. The amygdala controls many of the autonomic responses associated with fear. It regulates our fight or flight response, as well as helps us develop a healthy sense of fear through fear conditioning. The amygdala receives sensory information from the thalamus and other areas of the cerebral cortex.  In addition, the olfactory cortex is located in the temporal lobe. As such, the temporal lobes are involved in organizing and processing sensory information. Another limbic system structure, the hippocampus, aids in memory formation and connecting our emotions and senses, such as smell and sound, to memories. The temporal lobe aids in auditory processing and the perception of sound. They are also vital to language comprehension and speech. An area of the brain called Wernickes Area is found in the temporal lobes. This area helps us to process words and understand spoken language. Location Directionally, the temporal lobes are anterior to the occipital lobes and inferior to the frontal lobes and parietal lobes. A  large deep groove known as the Fissure of Sylvius separates the parietal and temporal lobes. Temporal Lobes: Damage Damage to the temporal lobes can present a number of issues. Damage resulting from a stroke or seizure can produce an inability to understand language or to speak properly. An individual may have difficulty hearing or perceiving sound. Temporal lobe damage may also result in the development of anxiety disorders, impaired memory formation, aggressive behavior, and hallucinations. In some cases, patients may even develop a condition called Capgras Delusion,  which is the belief that people, often loved ones, are not who they appear to be.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Aquinas's Five Proofs for the existence of God Essay

Aquinas's Five Proofs for the existence of God - Essay Example The first proof as often called the Argument of the Unmoved Mover. According to it, there are many things in the world that are in motion; yet, the latter is always cased by a mover1. Keeping in mind that the infinite regress of mover is not possible, one will have to agree that ultimately there will be the mover that was not moved by the outside force. In other words, the above mentioned mover is unique since it was unmoved and yet became moved all other things in the Universe. It is quite understandable that this peculiar mover is God. The next proof is referred to as the Argument of the First Cause. It is somewhat similar to the previously mentioned one; however, it places emphasis on a different aspect of reality. According to it, there is a net of causes which connects things in the Universe. In other words, everything is causes by something else2. However, it is absolutely impossible to regress this process infinitely. In other words, there will ultimately be a cause which wasn’t caused by something else. One would make no mistake that this definition fits the idea of God as the supreme cause that is not caused by anything. The third proof it called the Argument from Contingency. As it has already been pointed out, this is another form of the cosmological argument since it involves a logic that is similar to the previous two arguments. According to it, the key aspect of proof of existence of God is contingency of things. Aquinas points out that that everything in the Universe is contingent that would mean that there would be time when no thing exists and, consequentially, no thing would appear3. That is why God is surely a being that is not contingent on other beings. As a result, the very existence of the Universe should be seen as proof of His existence. The fourth argument employs a completely different approach towards the procedure of proving